Epididymitis Treatment: You Need To Know Everything

epididymitis treatment

Epididymitis is an illness or inflammation of the epididymis, a very important structure that stores and moves sperm. At the back of each testicle is a narrow, twisted tube called the epididymis. It connects the testes to the vas deferens, which is the tube that sperm go through when a man ejaculates. If the epididymis includes irritation or swelling, it can cause pain, swelling, and other unpleasant symptoms. In this article, we guide you on everything you need to know about epididymitis treatment

What Is Epididymitis And Treatment? How Do People Get Epididymitis?

Men of all ages can get epididymitis, but young people and older men are most likely. Sexually active men, especially those younger than 35, are more likely to get epididymitis. This disease is also more likely to happen to people who have had urinary tract infections (UTIs), prostate infections, or epididymitis in the past.

What Kinds of Epididymitis Are There?

Epididymitis includes two main groups:

1. Acute Epididymitis: This kind comes on quickly and causes a lot of pain, swelling, and inflammation. It happens a lot because of bacterial illnesses, like STIs or UTIs.

2. Chronic Epididymitis: Symptoms of chronic epididymitis come back more than once a week for more than six weeks. When someone has chronic epididymitis, the pain is generally not as bad as when they have acute epididymitis, but it can last for a long time and make life difficult.

Symptoms Of Epididymitis

Cases of epididymitis are usually caused by an infection with germs, which can happen for several reasons, such as:

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs): Epididymitis can be caused by common STIs like gonorrhea and chlamydia, especially in sexually active people.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): Bad bacterial infection from a UTI can sometimes get to the epididymitis through the urethra.

Infections in the Prostate: Infections in the prostate can spread to the epididymis and make it swell up.

Damage or Injury: An injury to the testicles (testicular) or damage to the groin area can also cause epididymitis.

Risk Factors And Causes Of Epididymitis

Epididymitis signs can range in severity and may include:

Pain and Tenderness: One or both testicles usually hurt and feel tender, and they may also swell and turn red.

Fever and chills: People who have epididymitis may sometimes get fever and chills.

Urinary Tract Infection: You may have signs like having to go to the urine a lot and having pain when you do it.

Penis Discharge: If an STI is to blame, there may be a penis discharge.

Is Epididymitis a Problem with Fertility?

Potentially, epididymitis could impair fertility. Sperm storage and transportation are components of the male reproductive system that rely heavily on the epididymis. Scarring or obstruction of the epididymis caused by inflammation or infection can impede the sperm’s ability to travel, ultimately leading to complications with fertility. Epididymitis must be treated and managed expeditiously to reduce the likelihood of developing fertility complications.

How Can I Tell If I Have Epididymitis?

A doctor must do a full exam on the person to diagnose epididymitis. The exam may include the following:

Medical History and Physical Exam: The doctor will talk about the symptoms and medical history. He or she will also do a physical exam to check the testicles’ swelling, soreness, and general health.

Urinalysis and blood tests: These can help find out if there is an infection or swelling.

Ultrasound: The epididymis and testicles can be seen on an ultrasound, which helps prove the diagnosis and rule out other conditions.

What Is Epididymitis Treatment

Epididymitis is usually treated with a mix of medicine, rest, and changes to how you live your life:

Infections caused by bacteria: If the illness is caused by bacteria, a course of antibiotics is given to kill the bacteria.

Pain Management: To ease pain and soreness, painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs may be suggested.

Rest and Elevation: Giving the scrotum a break and raising it may help reduce pain and stiffness.

Ice Packs: Putting an ice pack on the hurt spot can also help reduce pain and swelling.

FAQs Related Chronic Epididymitis

Can Epididymitis cause chronic issues?

Chronic epididymitis, abscesses, and scarring might result from untreated or delayed therapy. Preventing long-term complications requires prompt medical intervention.

Does epididymitis ever necessitate surgery?

Surgery may be needed to clear an abscess in rare situations. Surgery for epididymitis is rare and reserved for severe instances.

Epididymitis prevention?

Secure sex, excellent cleanliness, and timely UTI treatment are preventive strategies. If you suspect Epididymitis, consult a doctor immediately to avoid complications and get treatment.


Epididymitis is a disease that can be very painful and could make it hard to get pregnant. People who are having signs of epididymitis should see a doctor right away to get a correct diagnosis and the right treatment. People can successfully manage and avoid epididymitis if they know what causes it, what the symptoms are, and how to treat it.